Compounds inside scorpion venom have come under intense scientific scrutiny over the years, since it was discovered that certain combinations had the ability to stop the spread of brain-cancer tumors. By combining this knowledge with recent advancements in nanoparticle technologies, researchers at the University of Washington (UW) have created a substance that is able to fight the spread of tumors with a 98-percent efficiency, as opposed to the 45 percent registered when using venom alone.
The active ingredient inside the venom is a small peptide known as chlorotoxin, which has been in use for quite some time now. It acts by binding with certain proteins, known as MMP-2, that are over-expressed by tumors, and annihilates the cancer's ability to spread. When chlorotoxin and MMP-2 bind, they are both sucked in the cancerous cell and, deprived of it's external “agent,” the tumor cannot grow.
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